German prosecutors have indicted former Volkswagen CEO Martin Winterkorn and four others on charges of fraud and unfair competition, saying he failed to prevent manipulation of engine software that let Volkswagen cars cheat on diesel emission tests. Prosecutors in Braunschweig said Monday that Winterkorn knew about the deceptive software since 2014. The prosecutors' statement said that the defendants faced from six months to 10 years imprisonment if convicted and that bonuses earned due to sales based on the deception could be forfeited.

Deputy Director of Research Department at the IMF, Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, center, accompanied by Chief Economist and Director of Research Department at the IMF Gita Gopinath, right and Chief of Research Department at the IMF Oya Celasun, left, speaks during a news conference at the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings, in Washington, Tuesday, April 9, 2019. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

The International Monetary Fund is downgrading its outlook for growth in the United States, Europe, Japan and the overall global economy and points to heightened trade tensions as a key reason. The IMF expects the world economy to grow 3.3% this year, down from 3.6% in 2018. That would match 2016 for the weakest year since 2009. In its previous forecast in January, the IMF had predicted that international growth would reach 3.5% this year. For the United States, IMF economists downgraded their growth forecast for this year to 2.3% from 2.9% in 2018. The IMF's World Economic Outlook comes on the eve of meetings in Washington this week of the fund and its sister lending organization, the World Bank.


Combination of photos shows Shante and her mother at left; at right, Shante smiles to the camera in happy times.

When the decomposing body of seven-year-old Shante Skyers was discovered Tuesday, her mother Crystal Service was so overwrought with emotion and despairthatshe bolted away from thescene of anguish - so grisly she could never have imagined, even in her worst nightmares. "When the soldier said he found her, I just ran off, I didn't scream, I just couldn't look, I just ran off and then mi blank out, and the next moment I wake up, I was at a shop, dem pick me up and revive me," Service told Loop News reporter Claude Mills. The seven-year-old had been missing for five days before Tuesday's shocking discovery in a section of Sterling Castle Heights, known as Blue Hole. Shante's body had been found partially hidden by garbage. "I am not doing so good at all right now. We haven't got any reports on whether she was molested, we are waiting on the authorities to call, we haven't even seen the body, or know when is the autopsy. People told me she had on her uniform and no shoes...she was so close to home, so close to safety," she said. Shante, who attended Red Hills Primary, lived in the community with her grandmother and her father, Fabian Skyers. Service lives in Spanish Town, St Catherine. She believes that someone with a sickening and perverted disposition and who resides in the community committed the gruesome act. "She used to walk with a lot of children to come home from school, but rain was falling that day, and everyone branch off;she was alone.So it has to be someone she knows. I have no enemies, I am not from the Red Hills area, so it has be some adult who was watching and waiting to do something like this," she said. Service is 25 years old but is estranged from her elder daughter's father. She kept in touch with her daughter through the phone. She has a three-year-old daughter who is yet to come to grips with the loss of a sister she barely knew. "My three-year-old is too young to understand, but I am devastated by this news, she is my first child, and I loved her so much," she said.

Shantae Skyers

The desperate search to locate eight-year-old Shantae Skyers, who went missing on Thursday, April 11, has ended in tragedy after the remains of the child were found dumped in a section of the parish in Jamaica. The child, from Sterling Castle Heights in St Andrew,had reportedly left for school dressed in her uniform. A search party led by the St Andrew North police, which included scores of volunteers, found the child’s body among rubblein an area known as 'Blue Hole' in St Andrew on Tuesday, April 16. The gruesome discovery has triggered a murder investigation. Police say they have identified a suspect in the matter, and are pursuing leads into the crime. The police, along with family and community members, had been searching several sites in the community since Friday, April 12, without success. Investigators had publicised the child’s disappearance through the Jamaica Constabulary Force’s (JCF) communication arm, the Corporate Communications Unit (CCU), which disseminated information toall local media houses and shared the child’s photograph and other details information on its social media pages on Friday, April 12. The information went viral. The search intensified on Tuesday when the Caribbean Search Centre, the Canine Division and the Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) joined the effort.


Pakistan bowler Mohammad Amir.

Mohammad Amir has missed out on a spot in Pakistan's 15-man squad for the Cricket World Cup. The paceman was Player of the Match when Pakistan claimed ICC Champions Trophy glory against India in England two years ago. But he has failed to take a wicket in nine of the 14 ODIs he has played since that triumph and has been omitted from Pakistan's team for cricket's showpiece in England and Wales. Amir will travel as part of the ODI squad to face England in ODI and T20 seriesbefore the World Cup and teams can make changes without ICC consent until May 23. The big-hitting Asif Ali is another notable exception, but the vastly experienced duo of Mohammad Hafeez and Shoaib Malik are included, the former on the proviso he is fit to feature after injuring his hand in the Pakistan Super League. "Shoaib Malik and Hafeez have played in World Cups before, which makes them experienced and qualified to provide the required stability to the middle-order," said chairman of Pakistan's men's selection committee Inzamam-ul-Haq. "Hafeez has not played any cricket for the past 10-odd weeks, but he has always featured in our plans. "Although his inclusion in the World Cup squad is subject to fitness, yesterday we got a boost when he started playing with a tennis ball with his doctor confirming he will be available for selection for the series against England. "Our World Cup opener is on 31 May against the Windies, which is still six weeks away, and we are confident he will be fully fit and ready to display his vast international experience." Abid Ali gets the nod as back-up opener over Shan Masood, while teenage pacemen Mohammad Hasnain and Shaheen Shah Afridi are included. "Hasnain has been selected due to his sheer pace and speed," Inzamam added. "He may not have played many ODIs but he has already made an impact by making the top batsmen hop and run in his brief career while also picking up wickets." Eleven members of the squad that won the Champions Trophy are named in the World Cup squad. Pakistan squad in full:Sarfraz Ahmed (c), Abid Ali, Babar Azam, Faheem Ashraf, Fakhar Zaman, Haris Sohail, Hasan Ali, Imad Wasim, Imam-ul-Haq, Junaid Khan, Mohammad Hafeez, Mohammad Hasnain, Shadab Khan, Shaheen Shah Afridi, Shoaib Malik.

Tiger Woods in his new green jacket.

Tiger Woods' rivals have "problems" after he proved his doubters wrong by winning the Masters to complete sport's "greatest comeback", according to his friend and NBA greatMichael Jordan. The legendary Woods ended an 11-year wait for his 15th major with an emotional triumph at Augusta last weekend, prevailing by one shot to win a fifth green jacket. It completed a remarkable comeback from a series of debilitating back injuries, while Woods has also previously contended with knee and Achilles problems. Many pundits had questioned Woods' ability to even play competitively again let alone win prior to a successful return to the PGA Tour in 2018. And Jordan – a winner of six NBA titles with the Chicago Bulls in a stellar career – thinks that Woods overcoming his major hurdle will lead to more successes and his rising confidence will put the rest of the Tour on notice. "Dealing with his emotions, obviously he believed in himself, but until you put that into action, sometimes it's a struggle," he told The Athletic. "I think he's gotten over the hump. I think he's going to win more. It's tough mentally. It's absolutely tough mentally. And then you think about the physical. I'm elated. "They [Woods' tour opponents] got problems. His confidence is only going to build from here. The unknown is the biggest thing. You don't know what Tiger's capable of doing. "He's won a Tour event [at the Tour Championship last September], he's won the Masters, he's won a major. "There were so many people that were doubting him. You can think about the physical. But he overcame a lot of mental things, too. Not just the physical aspects, but all the scandals, too. "I was watching TV and they were congratulating him, but the first thing they bring up is the negative aspect. "That's what he had to deal with. Granted, we all make mistakes. But for him to come back and be able to win again, it's far tougher than anything I think anybody's had to deal with." Jordan concedes he did not believe Woods was capable of winning golf's biggest tournaments again and labelled his triumph as the greatest comeback in sport. "I never thought he'd get back physically," he added. "He didn't think he'd get back physically. "But he did it. No one expected him to be back the way he is now. He's probably the only person who believed he could get back. "To me, that's a major accomplishment. To me, it's unbelievable. Mentally, you always think you can. But you can't answer to what your body has to deal with. "I took two years off to play baseball, but nothing like that. I'm pretty sure he questioned himself, whether he could get it back, and he had to put a lot of work in. "But he took it head-on. He had to change his game; he had to change his perspective a little bit. To me, it was the greatest comeback I've ever seen."


A New Jersey man was arrested after entering St. Patrick's Cathedral carrying two cans of gasoline, lighter fluid and butane lighters, the New York Police Department said, just days after flames ravaged the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris. The unidentified 37-year-old man had pulled up Wednesday night in a minivan outside the landmark cathedral on Fifth Avenue in midtown Manhattan, walked around the area, then returned to his vehicle at 7:55 p.m. and retrieved the gasoline and lighter fluid,said NYPD Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence and Counterterrorism John Miller. "As he enters the cathedral he's confronted by a cathedral security officer who asks him where he's going and informs him he can't proceed into the cathedral carrying these things," said Miller. "At that point, some gasoline apparently spills out onto the floor as he's turned around." Security then notified officers from the counter-terrorism bureau who were standing outside, Miller said. The officers caught up to the man and arrested him after he was questioned. "His basic story was he was cutting through the cathedral to get to Madison Avenue. That his car had run out of gas," Miller said. "We took a look at the vehicle. It was not out of gas and at that point he was taken into custody." "It's hard to say exactly what his intentions were, but I think the totality of circumstances of an individual walking into an iconic location like St. Patrick's Cathedral carrying over four gallons of gasoline, two bottles of lighter fluid and lighters is something that we would have great concern over," Miller said. "His story is not consistent." Miller said the suspect is known to police, who are currently looking into his background. St. Patrick's Cathedral was built in 1878 and has installed a sprinkler-like system during recent renovations. Its wooden roof is also coated with fire retardant.

This 2018 photo provided by the University of New Hampshire shows a ground nesting bee pollinating a flower in New Hampshire. The species is one of 14 declining wild bee species identified in a study published in April 2019 by researchers at the university. (University of New Hampshire/Molly Jacobson via AP)

More than a dozen wild bee species critical to pollinizing everything from blueberries to apples in New England are on the decline, according to a new study. Researchers from the University of New Hampshire wanted to understand if the documented declines hitting honeybees and bumblebees were also taking a toll on the lesser studied bee species in New Hampshire. So, they examined 119 species in the state from a museum collection at the college dating back 125 years. Writing in the peer-reviewed journal Insect and Conservation Diversity this month, Sandra Rehan and Minna Mathiasson concluded 14 species found across New England were on the decline by as much as 90 percent. Several of them are leafcutter and mining bees, which unlike honeybees, nest in the ground. "We know that wild bees are greatly at risk and not doing well worldwide," Rehan, assistant professor of biological sciences and the senior author on the study, said in a statement. "This status assessment of wild bees shines a light on the exact species in decline, beside the well-documented bumblebees. Because these species are major players in crop pollination, it raises concerns about compromising the production of key crops and the food supply in general." Bees have been on the decline for more than a decade across the globe and scientists have blame a range of factors including insecticides called neonicotinoids, parasites, disease, climate change and lack of a diverse food supply. Bees are critical pollinators and about a third of the human diet comes from plants that are pollinated by insects. Jeff Lozier, a bee expert from the University of Alabama who did not take part in the research, called the study "interesting" and said the findings are critical step in expanding research into lesser known species of bees. He did, however, caution that researches only studied bees in New Hampshire and depended upon bees in museum that were not collected "for the purpose of large scale population surveys." "The most important use of the data in my view is in providing a baseline set of hypotheses for groups of species that are potentially declining or stable across a much greater set of species than is usually examined, which can then be investigated in more detail to determine why they may be changing," Lozier said in an email interview. "This study doesn't really determine the why quite yet, but gives us a reference point for further study." Rehan said she was hopeful the study would inspire other researchers to take a closer look at these rarely studied bee species including understanding why they are declining. While the museum collection couldn't pinpoint whether possible causes such as urban development or pesticides are behind a drop in their numbers, it did hint a one possible cause: climate change. The study found that half of those bees on decline were now more prevalent at higher elevations like the White Mountains than in southern areas near sea level like the coastal areas of New Hampshire. As they shift northward, some of the species may not have the access to the same kinds of flowers and plants. "They have nowhere else to go. That is the biggest concern," Rehan said. As for saving these species, Rehan said some clues could come from wild bees that are faring better. Eight species studied from the collection have seen their numbers increasing in New Hampshire. Researchers could use the success of these wild bees to develop management strategies for those faring worse, Rehan said. "They are not all declining and that is important to point out," she said. "It's not so hopeless. There are some bees still faring well. We still have to do better by the bees but some bees are doing OK."